Ocular Migraine Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & Surgery
Knowing More About Ocular Migraine
Ocular migraine refers to a neurological syndrome which is characterized by abnormal visual sensations followed by nausea, vomiting and headaches. In some extreme cases, a patient may feel heightened sensitivity to light and sound at the early stage of the attack. People suffering from classic migraine are the victims of this type of migraine.
It is a temporary problem and there is high possibility that you may lose vision for few minutes. You may experience lines or bright spots that float slowly across your vision field.
Migraines occur due to body’s neurological response to certain triggers like hormonal changes, chemicals in medications or food or flashing lights. One of the most common causes of this trigger can be headache, which if left untreated can last for hours and days.
Symptoms of Ocular Migraine :
Patients suffering from ocular migraine experience a wide variety of visual symptoms. Generally, you will see a small and enlarging scotoma (a blind spot) in your central vision with shimmering zig–zag lines, flickering and bright lights inside the blind spot. The complete migraine pain ends within few minutes, however, it normally lasts for 30 to 45 minutes.
In some cases, somatic or neurological disturbances accompanied by migraine headaches turn out to be the only manifestations of an ocular migraine attack.
Rarely, a patient suffers from permanent neurological deficit following migraine attack because of the irreversible cerebral ischemic (low oxygenation and blood flow) damage.
Generally, they are harmless and painless. Moreover, they do not cause any permanent brain or visual damage.
Tiredness, particularly after extended periods of watching television, computer work, reading or any other work that requires focus also leads to Ocular Migraine.
Causes of Ocular Migraine :
Certain food products may lead to attacks including chocolate, milk, meats preserved in nitrates, red wine or food items prepared with mono sodium glutamate, chicken liver or aged cheese. According to the experiences of some patients, exercise or exposure to sunlight can also trigger migraine attacks.
Birth control pills, hunger, changes in menstrual cycle of women, nerve weakness and hunger are few other causes of this eye pain.
Treatment of Ocular Migraine :
- Ocular migraine, commonly requires no treatment. During severe attacks, many patients prefer to rest in a darkened and quiet room until symptoms subside.
- An analgesic , like aspirin, consumed immediately provides relief however sometimes it becomes necessary to consume extracranial vasoconstrictors and other drugs.
- Try to keep your stress levels down and make sure that you sleep properly.
Surgery for Ocular Migraine :
Patients sufferings from ocular requires no surgery as it can be treated with medicines only.